Saturday, June 27, 2015

Preserving the Ha(y)worth Family History for Future Generations, Part 5

The next letter we have from George Haworth is dated March 1706, still based on the Quaker Calendar dates. He is very appreciative of the fact that he received something from home, “I have received your token with great comfort to bear of your wellfare and health to which I won myself obliged to you for the tenderness and care towards me which makes me desire to make a large acknowledgement to you …”  (All italics are excerpts from George’s letters, as written.(1))

I get the impression, from things he wrote, that it was not a letter he received from his family, “but I much admire that you are so negligent and soon forgotten me that you never writ to me since I left you, it makes me ready to weep often, when I think how I cannot have so much as one letter from some of your hands, I would desire some of you to write to me by the next opportunity and not to fail I would not have you to forget me, tho' I be far distant from you I have some thoughts of coming to England and see you but the Seas are so full of Enemies that there is no good coming as yet, I have sent 9 or 10 letters and my Sister hath sent but one and never received any…”  I have to wonder if letters were written but never received.

He seems to be quite elegant in his wording, and although to us it may seem a bit choppy, I think he got his points across to his family.  "Seeing the distance between us, I desire you accept of my goodwill and dutiful affection towards you, together with my desire for your prosperity and wellfare and hoping these lines will find you in good health as I am at present the Allmighty be praised for it. Remember my dear love to my Brother and to my loving Sisters and all relations in general…"

Sometime in the recent past, George’s cousin James had passed away, as he mentioned his widow in this letter. “James Haworth's widow and her little daughter are in good health and she hath married one of my shipmates one George Clough..” She remarried a man who came over on the ship Britannia, with George, from England.

A lot has happened to George and America, since his arrival in 1699.  What does the future hold for him and the Haworth family?

Today's Terri's Tidbit:  Check out this fascinating website called "The American Civil War, then and now".  It is a fun, interactive website.  To view, click here.
(1)George's letters can be found in many publications but most notably in: 
      Early Letters from Pennsylvania, 1699-1722
      George Haworth The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
      Vol. 37, No. 3 (1913), pp. 330-340

Friday, June 19, 2015

Preserving the Ha(y)worth Family History for Future Generations, Part 4

It would be three more years (1704) before the next letter, that we know of, was sent by George to his mother. We are so fortunate to have these letters to add to our family history. In this letter, it is very apparent that George is homesick and wishing to get a letter from home to see how everyone, in England, is fairing. “I received your tokens which was half a crown from thee, and a shilling from my loving Brother, which I received very gladly, but I should have been more glad to have received a letter with it, I do much admire that I never receive no letter from you since I came here it makes me think you have all most forgotten me; I am very sorry and sore troubled that you so neglect writing to me, I desire you to write to me by the next opportunity and not to fail.” (All italics are excerpts from George’s letters, as written.(1))

At the time of the letter, George is well but he tells the family that during the previous winter he was ill. "…hopeing these lines may find thee in good health as I am at present, the Allmighty be praised for it and hath been mostly since I left you but last Winter I had the Fever and ague 5 months...”

We learn from this letter that he has two sisters and a brother that are still living in England. “Remember my love to my loving Sister Sarah and to Brother James and to my sister Susannah and all my Relations and to Friends and neighbours.” As you might remember from a previous blog entry, George had five siblings. Four sisters and one brother. One sister Mary, had come to America before George. Alice had started the trip over on the Brittania with him, but died in route. He mentions Mary again in this letter. “Two Months ago I was with my Sister Mary where she doth dwell, and she was in good health and her Husband and their children, They have had six children but the youngest is dead, John, Mary, Sarah, James, and Elizabeth, but George died of Small pox. They live about 172 miles from me near Maryland upon the Sea coast and I live up the country near Delaware river 20 miles above Philadelphia.”  I find it interesting that Mary named many of her children after her siblings; James, Sarah and George. Also that sister Mary lives so far from George but he still went to visit. That had to be a long trip back then.

During 1703 George purchased 450 acres of land, 200 from one person and 250 from another and is not yet married but works as a weaver. “…it is a great deal better living here than in England for working people doth live as well as here, as landed men doth live with you thats worth 20L a year, I live a single life and hath builded a Shop, and doth follow weaving of linnen cloth, but I have bought 450 acres of land in the Woods, but doth not live on it yet…”

Info on location comes from the Haworth Association website. (2) 
Click to make larger.

What will this mean for George - buying land, making himself a new home?  More on the life "the Immigrant" Haworth in the next blog.  

Today's Terri's Tidbit:  A friend sent me a link to a Undergraduate speech that Lou Holtz did recently at Franciscan University of Steubenville.  It is awesome and well worth watching.  Treat yourself and take the time to watch.  You won't be sorry.  Click here to watch.  
(1)George's letters can be found in many publications but most notably in: 
      Early Letters from Pennsylvania, 1699-1722
      George Haworth The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
      Vol. 37, No. 3 (1913), pp. 330-340

(2)Haworth Association Website:

Thursday, June 11, 2015

Preserving the Ha(y)worth Family History for Future Generations, Part 3

After spending a week at his sister's, recouping from the trip across the ocean, George “the Immigrant” Haworth headed to Philadelphia, and then on to Buck’s County, Pennsylvania, where his cousin James Haworth lived. He "...dwelleth near to him being about 250 miles from my Sister. James Haworth and his wife is well and hath one daughter." (Text from George’s letters are quoted and in italics as written.)(1)

We don’t know a lot about the first couple of years that he was in Pennsylvania. One thing we do know is that when he arrived they were dealing with a yellow fever epidemic spreading across the area. As if he had not seen enough illness on the “sick ship,” he was now surrounded by this.

We only have eight of the letters that George wrote to his family. There may have been more but they either didn’t survive or have not surfaced, at this time. It was two years before the next letter was sent from George to his mother. It was dated May 14, 1701, (Quaker calendar date) but it is not certain when it arrived in England.  At the time he wrote the letter he was well and explains to his family what he had been doing during this time. He once again was encouraging everyone to come to America. "I hired myself for a year and had about 19L wages in the year and since I was free I work by the piece or by the day, and hath 2/6 a day and victuals, and in harvest 3/6 a day and if we take our work we commonly get more, So if any of my relations have a mind to come to this country, I think it is very good country and that they may do well, but be sure to come free, but if you come servants, they must be sold for 4 or 5 years and work hard, so be sure to come free and bring such things as will suit plantation work, as Horse chains plowgears and all things suitable to work withal as ploy irons and things for selling: bring stores of good cloth and good sarge and bedding of all sorts with good store of silk to sew withal and good ticking and good stockings and shoes and good Ivory combs and knives very good ones, and good Alchymy buttons and good light Hats and Iron pots."

He described what the land was like and what types of crops they grew, the animals they kept and those they used for food. I love how he described the different things; in a way his family could envision it. "And as for the land there is both good and bad, both Hills and also Vales and the common product of the land is Wheat, Rye, Barley, Oats, Beans, Pease and Buckwheat and Indiana corn and Apples plenty often and Cyder and Peaches and Cherries: Cattle and Horses there is plenty, and store of hogs and there is sheep, and victuals is good and plenty all over the Country as far as I know: there is fishes and fowl is pretty plenty, and this last Winter there was a great Snow and some got store of Deer 8 or 10 in a weeks time; and what varmant we have, as Wolves I have seen some but they have not hurt me tho' I have been near them, there is a few panthers and Bears, but they hurt nobody as I know of, and land is dearer than it was when we first came. There is several sorts of grapes and strawberries plenty and mullberries and whimberries, but they grow upon stalks 3 foot high, there is many sorts of wood, as Black Oaks, White Oaks, Red Oaks, and other sorts and many other sorts of other Trees as Chesnuts, Walnuts, and many sorts of things. We have Turkeys wild in the Woods, Pheasants and Partridges, with many other sorts of birds of divers colours and strange colours and notes; and thus much for the Country and its product."

We found out the names of Mary’s children as he shared a little more about them. “…there found my Sister and she hath 4 children 2 Sons and 2 daughters John, James and Mary and Sarah…”

Family seemed very important to George. In each of his letters you sense a homesickness for his mother and siblings. "I have sent one letter and something in another and heard nothing from you, but I desire you in all love to hear from you as soon as possible you can, for I could be glad to hear from you especially of your wellfare and if any of you come I desire you to send me word hard." This homesickness grew with each letter.

He asked that they send their letters to "Phineas Pembertons in the county of Bucks". Out of curiosity, I researched that name and found that this was a prominent person in Buck's County, at that time. He was Buck County's first Clerk of the Court and remained in that position until his death. Phineas was married to Phoebe Harrison, daughter of James Harrison, who was held in high esteem by William Penn. To this day there is still a Phineas Pemberton House, or Bolton Farm, which is on the National Register of Historic Places, in what is now Levittown, PA.

Today's Terri's Tidbit: When William Penn decided to name the 40,000 square miles he was granted in the New World, he named it New Wales. The King didn't like that, so William suggested Sylvania, which means forest or woods. The King took that one step further and added the Penn, in honor of William's dad, the senior Admiral William Penn.

(1)George's letters can be found in many publications but most notably in: 
      Early Letters from Pennsylvania, 1699-1722
      George Haworth The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
      Vol. 37, No. 3 (1913), pp. 330-340

Thursday, June 4, 2015

Preserving the Ha(y)worth Family History for Future Generations, Part 2

James and Isabella (Isabelle) Haworth had six children. Four girls and two boys. Three of the six decided to make the very difficult journey to America, leaving behind their family and friends, hoping for a better life, away from religious persecution. Mary was the first to head to the New World. It is not clear when she left England but there is a documented court case in Delaware, in March 1693/94, with her as a witness. So she must have arrived before that.

There is some evidence to the fact that Mary had been married twice.  Once to a Thomas Haslum (Hazelum) and then to John Miers (Myers, Mires).  Unfortunately, there is not much information out there on Thomas. 

Mary and John settled in an area that, at the time, was near the Delaware Bay in Maryland. That town no longer exists.  George makes reference to it in letters to his family as Hurbills. Don Haworth, a family member who has done a lot of research on the Haworths, wrote this about the town, "I became intrigued by the location where George visited his sister Mary. Since I could not locate any place called Hurbills, Harbills, or Whorkill (as James Rodgers Haworth wrote it in his book), I decided to do some research and find out where it was located. I soon discovered that the place was actually called and spelled “Whorekill”, which was anglicized from the Dutch name for the same place. The Dutch name was “Hoerekill” which translates as “Harlot’s River”. Whorekill has a long and interesting history under both Dutch and English rule, including the origin of the name, but that is another story. For a brief period of time the village name was changed from Whorekill to Deal. Later William Penn permanently changed the name of the village of Whorekill/Deal to Lewes, after Lewes in Sussex County, England. After the village name was changed to Lewes, the village was often referred to as Lewestown, although the name was never official. Use of the unofficial name Lewestown eventually ceased and the village was thereafter known as Lewes but often pronounced and misspelled as Lewis or Louis. Therefore, George’s sister Mary was living at the current location of Lewes, Sussex County, Delaware, in 1699 when George visited her."(1)

So George and his pregnant sister Alice, along with her husband John Kenworthy (Kencerly) (Kennerly), set sail to America in 1699 and George's letters gave a pretty detailed account of their journey. The original letters have been lost or misplaced but thank goodness, they were reproduced in several books, which have been a wonderful resource for our family history. (2)

It was May of 1699, when George, Alice and John, boarded the ship Brittania, in Liverpool, England. This ship was chartered on behalf of the Lancaster Quaker Meeting (George was a Quaker) and was bound for Philadelphia. The ship was commanded by a Richard Nicholls (Nicholas) and it was thought to have left Liverpool sometime in May (Quaker calendar - July on our traditional calendar) and stopped in Cork, Ireland to take on provisions. After this stop, they headed for America. (3)

The voyage from east to west, during that time period, usually took about eight weeks. However, the Brittania was overloaded, winds were probably unfavorable and the ship was considered a "dull saylor". Several publications, referring to ships, indicate that when they are large, with lots of people and goods, they tended to be "dull saylors", and would go slower than other vessels. So it should not have been a surprise that the voyage took 14 weeks instead of eight. It should also not have been a surprise that the food brought on board for eight weeks would not stretch for 14.

The Brittania was later dubbed the "sick ship" because sometime during the passage across the ocean, an infectious disease broke out onboard. Many died and others were very ill and in a weak state when they arrived in America. It is interesting that most of the deaths were adults. It seemed to hit them harder than the children. The passengers were dropping ill fast and many started writing their wills, should they not survive. George's brother-in law died and then his sister, Alice, gave birth to a child that died and then she passed three days later.  
According to a letter from George to his mom, sisters and brothers, after arriving in America, "My Brother in law is dead and child died also about 3 days before my Sister, She was indifferently well most of the way but about 100 Leagues of sight of land she bore a child and it died and then she died.."   Note:  All italics are quotes directly from George Haworth's letters, as written.  

"We were about 14 weeks at Sea after we left Liverpool a long and tedious Journey we had, for we being over many throng'd in the Ship, I believe hurt many, for we had many distempers among us, as Fevers, Flux, and Jaundice, and many died at Sea about 56 and at Shore there died about 20."... "if my brother or any of my Neighbours do incline to come into this country, let them be careful that they do not come too many in the Ship as we did; for being throng, and then come into the hot weather and the smell of many, then many fainted away and died, we wanted Water and Beer to drink, for having salt Beef, we were much athirst and could not get enough to drink, for the seamen stowed the Hold so full of Goods that they had not room for Water and Beer, and then wanting such things as might have nourished us we suffered hardships. But if any come, let them bring for themselves over and besides the Ships allowance Spices and Brandy and cheese let the Seamen pretend what they will; or else victual themselves and bargain for being carried over and goods and then bring for yourselves but a little Beef and some bacon, and wheat flour is very good, and cheese and Butter and Eggs, or any mild sort of food, and as for your goods you bring let them be Bed ticks very good with all sorts of bedding bring no hats except very good, and hard wares so be careful of being thronged in the Ship on a Summers Journey, lest you be hurt as we were, we had a very hard passage, we were brought to allowance of Water and Beer, and for every 4 we had 2 Cans of Water and 1 1/2 so no more..."

George wrote, "I got well on shore at a place 100 Leagues short of Philadelphia, where I was informed that my Sister dwelt there at a place called Hurbills, and so in much weakness I got to the place and quickly found her, and staid there one week."  

He reported to his family back in England that his "Sister was in good health and she hath four children 2 Boys and 2 Girls and her Husband being well allso, and is a Hatter to his trade. They have few Cattle but live indifferently well of his Trade."  

A week after arriving at his sister's, George "set sail in a Sloop for Philadelphia for which I paid 5s".  His journeys to this point had been very eventful.  What would await him in Philadelphia? 

Today's Terri's Tidbit:  While doing my research on the Ha(y)worth family I found that George Haworth, who was my 7th Great Grandfather, was also the 4th Great Grandfather of President Herbert Hoover.  George's son Stephanus was the connection in my line to my Grandmother Mittie Ethel Hayworth Garrison.  Another son, John, was the connection to President Hoover. So, we're sort of related to a Past President.  

(1) Mary Haworth Miers, by Don Haworth. After further research by Mr. Haworth, this was a revision from
      previous information.  It was updated April 2012.
(2) George's letters can be found in many publications but most notably in: 
      Early Letters from Pennsylvania, 1699-1722
      George Haworth The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
      Vol. 37, No. 3 (1913), pp. 330-340

(3) George Haworth's Voyage to America, by Don Haworth, revised November 2012