After spending a week at his sister's, recouping from the trip across the ocean, George “the Immigrant” Haworth headed to Philadelphia, and then on to Buck’s County, Pennsylvania, where his cousin James Haworth lived. He "...dwelleth near to him being about 250 miles from my Sister. James Haworth and his wife is well and hath one daughter." (Text from George’s letters are quoted and in italics as written.)(1)
We only have eight of the letters that George wrote to his family. There may have been more but they either didn’t survive or have not surfaced, at this time. It was two years before the next letter was sent from George to his mother. It was dated May 14, 1701, (Quaker calendar date) but it is not certain when it arrived in England. At the time he wrote the letter he was well and explains to his family what he had been doing during this time. He once again was encouraging everyone to come to America. "I hired myself for a year and had about 19L wages in the year and since I was free I work by the piece or by the day, and hath 2/6 a day and victuals, and in harvest 3/6 a day and if we take our work we commonly get more, So if any of my relations have a mind to come to this country, I think it is very good country and that they may do well, but be sure to come free, but if you come servants, they must be sold for 4 or 5 years and work hard, so be sure to come free and bring such things as will suit plantation work, as Horse chains plowgears and all things suitable to work withal as ploy irons and things for selling: bring stores of good cloth and good sarge and bedding of all sorts with good store of silk to sew withal and good ticking and good stockings and shoes and good Ivory combs and knives very good ones, and good Alchymy buttons and good light Hats and Iron pots."
He described what the land was like and what types of crops they grew, the animals they kept and those they used for food. I love how he described the different things; in a way his family could envision it. "And as for the land there is both good and bad, both Hills and also Vales and the common product of the land is Wheat, Rye, Barley, Oats, Beans, Pease and Buckwheat and Indiana corn and Apples plenty often and Cyder and Peaches and Cherries: Cattle and Horses there is plenty, and store of hogs and there is sheep, and victuals is good and plenty all over the Country as far as I know: there is fishes and fowl is pretty plenty, and this last Winter there was a great Snow and some got store of Deer 8 or 10 in a weeks time; and what varmant we have, as Wolves I have seen some but they have not hurt me tho' I have been near them, there is a few panthers and Bears, but they hurt nobody as I know of, and land is dearer than it was when we first came. There is several sorts of grapes and strawberries plenty and mullberries and whimberries, but they grow upon stalks 3 foot high, there is many sorts of wood, as Black Oaks, White Oaks, Red Oaks, and other sorts and many other sorts of other Trees as Chesnuts, Walnuts, and many sorts of things. We have Turkeys wild in the Woods, Pheasants and Partridges, with many other sorts of birds of divers colours and strange colours and notes; and thus much for the Country and its product."
We found out the names of Mary’s children as he shared a little more about them. “…there found my Sister and she hath 4 children 2 Sons and 2 daughters John, James and Mary and Sarah…”
Family seemed very important to George. In each of his letters you sense a homesickness for his mother and siblings. "I have sent one letter and something in another and heard nothing from you, but I desire you in all love to hear from you as soon as possible you can, for I could be glad to hear from you especially of your wellfare and if any of you come I desire you to send me word hard." This homesickness grew with each letter.
He asked that they send their letters to "Phineas Pembertons in the county of Bucks". Out of curiosity, I researched that name and found that this was a prominent person in Buck's County, at that time. He was Buck County's first Clerk of the Court and remained in that position until his death. Phineas was married to Phoebe Harrison, daughter of James Harrison, who was held in high esteem by William Penn. To this day there is still a Phineas Pemberton House, or Bolton Farm, which is on the National Register of Historic Places, in what is now Levittown, PA.
Today's Terri's Tidbit: When William Penn decided to name the 40,000 square miles he was granted in the New World, he named it New Wales. The King didn't like that, so William suggested Sylvania, which means forest or woods. The King took that one step further and added the Penn, in honor of William's dad, the senior Admiral William Penn.
(1)George's letters can be found in many publications but most notably in:
Early Letters from Pennsylvania, 1699-1722
George Haworth The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
Vol. 37, No. 3 (1913), pp. 330-340